“We are proud to present two completely new archaeological sites in the city centre of Sofia. People are very curious about what we are doing and we already received a lot of media attention,” says project coordinator, Tony Mileva. 

Protecting cultural treasures through close cooperation

Sofia is one of the oldest capitals in Europe, with a rich historical and cultural heritage. The project `An ancient history of Sofia´ aims to restore, preserve, and protect three buildings of cultural heritage value for future generations. It also aims to present the heritage within the European context of cultural exchange and cultural diversity.


Workers are in the process of securing the digging site for reconstruction of the ruins. Photo credit: NIKU

“We dug out layers from the 1st century until the 7th century. However, we had to make compromises; should it be an archaeological site only, or should we customise the site for visitors?” says the Director of Sofia History museum and Project Promoter, Nadezhda Kirova-Yoycheva.

With funding from Norway, Iceland, and Lichtenstein the “Triangular tower” and “Western Gate” of Serdica are now being restored and preserved for visitors to enjoy. While the Basilica “St. Sofia” is being protected against seismic activity. As a project partner, the Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research (NIKU) has been sharing best practices and knowledge in the field of restoration and preservation.

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St. Sofia Basilica in 1915. Photo credit: Wikipedia commons/ open source

“It was a perfect cooperation, we arranged different workshops to learn about special conservation methods, - the exchange of knowledge was good. In Norway, they often use more technology. While they taught us about new technology, we taught them how to manage with less technology,” says Nadezhda.


Vibeke Vandrup Martens from NIKU in Norway are sharing knowledge about restoring ruins. Photo Credit: NIKU

NIKU also describes the cooperation with Sofia History Museum and Sofia municipality as very good.

“We had a great exchange of knowledge. Safeguarding against seismic activity is not often discussed in Norwegian contexts, but the archaeology preceding it, is a known factor. We think of all the archaeologists, conservation scientists, engineers, workers and office staff involved in the process as our new friends, says Vibeke Vandrup Martens, researcher, archaeologist at NIKU.


 “History should be tempting and playful”    

The project is in line with the main purpose of the programme of cultural heritage, which is to make cultural heritage accessible for all, as well as strengthen social and economic development through cultural cooperation, entrepreneurship, and heritage management.

“The ruins must be accessible to the public. Therefore, we created quizzes and exhibition kiosks at the digging sites. This gives people a chance to interact more with the historical settlements," says Nadezhda.

However, digging for ancient ruins has its challenges. The project was delayed due to technical issues with the ground surrounding the Western Gate. However, despite Despite the technical difficulties they are now on track reaching their deadline in the end of April.

mynter i hånd

Coins found during the excavation process. Photo credit: NIKU